Biology at Aquinas College

Biology and Health Sciences Courses

BY123 Environmental Biology (3) NL

Introduction to aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, with emphasis on human influences. Field experience based labs. Two (2) hours lecture, three (3) hours lab. Not applicable toward the major. Not applicable toward the minor for students having successfully completed BY275 or BY352. Offered every semester.

BY150 Human Biology (4) NL

Systems approach to study of basic human anatomy and physiology designed for non-biology majors. Three (3) hours lecture, three (3) hours lab. Not applicable toward the major. Not applicable toward the minor for students having successfully completed BY221 or BY372. Offered every fall and odd-numbered springs.

BY155 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4) NL

An introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology for nursing and athletic training students. Not applicable toward the biology major or minor. Three (3) hours lecture, three (3) hours lab. Offered every fall.

BY156 Human Anatomy and Physiology II (3)

A continuation of BY155 the study of Human Anatomy and Physiology for nursing and athletic training students. Not applicable toward the biology major or minor. Three (3) hours lecture/two (2) hours lab. Prerequisite: minimum grade of C in BY155. Offered every spring. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY161 Botany (3)

Introduction to plant biology, including plant morphology, physiology and diversity. Two (2) hours lecture, three (3) hours lab. Prerequisite: minimum grade of C in BY160. Offered every fall. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY162 Zoology (3)

Introduction to animal biology, including morphology, physiology and diversity. Two (2) hours lecture, three (3) hours lab. Prerequisite: minimum grade of C in BY160. Offered every spring. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY221 Anatomy and Histology of Vertebrates (4)

Structure, function and evolution of vertebrates at organ and tissue levels; emphasis on laboratory observations using a comparative approach. Three (3) hours lecture, three (3) hours lab. Prerequisites: completion of the introductory biology sequence with minimum grades of C. Offered every fall. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY231 Microbiology (4)

Morphology, taxonomy, and physiology of bacteria and other microorganisms; microbial genetics, environmental and industrial significance of microorganisms, and infectious diseases will be covered. Three (3) hours lecture, four (4) hours lab. Prerequisites: completion of the introductory biology sequence with minimum grades of C. Offered every spring. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY241 Ornithology (3)

An introduction to the study of birds, their classification, anatomy, physiology, behavior, and natural history. Five hours per week, divided between lecture, lab and field excursions. Prerequisites: completion of the introductory biology sequence with minimum grades of C. Offered even-numbered springs. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY264 Plant Taxonomy (3)

A study of the concepts and principles of classification, study of the local flora, and training in the terminology and identification of the vascular plants. Two (2) hours lecture, three (3) hours lab. Prerequisites: completion of the introductory biology sequence with minimum grades of C. Offered odd-numbered springs.This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BMB305 Advanced Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (3)

This course offers in-depth coverage of membrane dynamics, signal transduction, intermediate metabolism, and genetic mechanisms. Other topics may include nucleic acid synthesis, processing, expression, cellular utilization, and DNA repair mechanisms. Enzymatic mechanisms of each of these processes will be emphasized. The consequences of genetic mutations in human pathophysiology will also be discussed. Three (3) hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: CY325

BMB315 Molecular Techniques (3)

This course will introduce students to techniques that are commonly used in modern biochemistry and molecular biology research including but not limited to: western and northern blotting, protein purification, enzyme kinetics, DNA electrophoresis, DNA sequencing, reverse transcriptase- and quantitative-polymerase chain reaction, site-directed mutagenesis, nucleic acid hybridization techniques, transformation and transfection of cells, and fluorescence microscopy. One (1) hour of lecture and two three (3)-hour lab periods per week. Prerequisite: CY325

BY101 Concepts in Biology (3)

A broad overview of basic biological concepts including cell structure and function, genetics, ecology, evolution and diversity. Not applicable toward major or minor. Offered every fall This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY170 Introduction to Organisms (4) NL

This course will introduce the evolutionary processes that shape variation within populations and generate species diversity. It will examine the diversity in organismal morphology, physiology, behavior and ecology, and describe the interactions between species and their environments. The overarching goal of the course is to illustrate fundamental concepts in evolution, ecology and diversity via examples of species adaptations and interactions. An additional goal is to develop critical analytical skills through case studies, interactive lab protocols, and hands-on observations of plant and animal specimens. Three (3) hours lecture, three (3) hours lab. Offered every fall. BY170L, weekly lab.

BY171 Introduction to Cells (Formerly BY160 Principles of Biology) (4)

Introduction to the structure and function of cells, including basic chemistry, metabolism, mitosis, genetics, protein synthesis, and cell regulation. Three (3) hours lecture, three (3) hours lab. Offered every semester.

BY270/CY270 Secondary Science Practicum (3)

This course provides the student with an opportunity to work in an introductory laboratory classroom as an assistant to the supervising instructor for three (3) hours per week. Assistants will help the instructor with set up and take down of lab activities, preparation of lab materials, and teaching/tutoring during the class period. Practicum students will meet for two 50-minute periods per week for lecture and discussion on a variety of topics relavant to the job duties of a secondary science teacher. Participants will also keep journals and perform research on appropriate laboratory exercises for secondary students. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY275 Aquatic Field Biology (3)

The study of aquatic systems and organisms, their functions, origins and interactions. Field oriented labs with training in limnological equipment and analysis. Three (3) hours lecture, three (3) hours lab. Prerequisites: completion of the introductory biology sequence with minimum grades of C. Offered even-numbered falls. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY310 Special Topics (Variable)

Variable topics offered on an occasional basis. Prerequisite: Instructor approval. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY324/PG324 Neuroscience (4)

Topics include neuron functioning (action potential production including the behavior of receptors, ion channels and neurotransmitters), synaptic transmission, sensory and motor systems, the neurobiological perspective of learning and memory, drugs and the brain, sex and the brain. Both invertebrate and vertebrate systems discussed. Three (3) hours lecture, three (3) hours lab.Prerequisites: minimum grade of C in BY150, BY160, or BY171, sophomore status and instructor approval. Offered even-numbered springs. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY326 Cell Biology (4)

(Open to declared biology or health science majors.) Study of cellular structure and function: bioenergetics, enzyme regulation, membrane dynamics, cell ultrastructure and cell signaling. Four (4) hours lecture. Prerequisites: minimum grade of C in BY171 and BY170. Junior status. Offered every fall. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY328 Genetics (5) WI

(Open to declared biology or health science majors.) Mendelian, population, and molecular genetics, with an emphasis on recent advances. Four (4) hours lecture, three (3) hours lab. Offered every spring. Prerequisites: completion of the introductory biology sequence and CY112 with minimum grades of C. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY341 Parasitology (2)

Introduction to parasites infecting humans: symptoms, pathology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Lecture, laboratory. (8 week mod) Prerequisites: completion of the introductory biology sequence with minimum grades of C. Offered odd-numbered springs. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY350 Evolution (4)

(Open to declared Biology majors) The course will focus on developing a deeper understanding of two key concepts in biological evolution: how natural selection operates and how evolutionary lineages change and diversify. Particular emphasis will be placed on interpretation of data and development of communication skills using both scholarly and popular press literature. Proficiency with algebra will be assumed. Prerequisites: completion of the introductory biology sequence with minimum grades of C and one upper-level course in Biology. Offered every spring.

BY352 Ecology (3)

This course examines interrelationships between individuals and their abiotic environment as well as population-and community-level interactions. General principles will be applied to a range of organisms, including plants, animals, microorganisms, and humans. Labs will vary in structure and will emphasize the collection and evaluation of numerical data to test hypotheses. Two (2) hours lecture and three (3) hours laboratory. Prerequisites: minimum grad of C in BY170, BY171.

BY361 Immunology (4)

Molecular, cellular and organism-level immunology in health and disease; Foundational topics include: innate immunity, lymphocyte development, B and T cell immunity, and antigen presentation. Introductions to clinical immunology include: vaccines, autoimmunity, allergies, immunodeficiency and tumor immunology. Some current tools in immunological research will be discussed. Format will include lecture, presentations by students, case studies and discussions of primary literature. Four (4) hours of lecture. Prerequisites: completion of the introductory biology sequence with minimum grades of C. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY372 Physiology (4)

(Open to declared biology or health science majors.) Basic physiology of human body systems; neural and neuroendocrine integration and control. Three (3) hours lecture, three (3) hours lab. Prerequisites: completion of the introductory biology sequence and CY112 with minimum grades of C. Offered every spring. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY375 Advanced Human Genetics (4)

This course takes a disease-based approach to the study of human genetics, including disease etiology, pathology, phenotype, and treatment options. A combination of lecture, literature review, and discussion formats will be employed. Diseases that will be discussed range from inborn errors of metabolism and structural protein defects to the chromosomal breakage syndromes. Methodologies that allow investigators to research human genetics will also be discussed. Four (4) hours lecture. Prerequisite: minimum grade of C in BY328. Offered as needed. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

BY398 Readings in Biology (Variable)

Individually-negotiated program of readings on selected topic established by contract between instructor and student. Contracts filed with Registrar. Prerequisite: Approval of the department chairperson. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

Only three (3) semester hours of combined credit for these courses will be counted toward the required hours for the major or minor.

BY399 Independent Project (Variable)

Individually-negotiated project of defined nature established by contract between instructor and student. Contracts filed with the Registrar. Prerequisite: Approval of the department chairperson. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.

Only three (3) semester hours of combined credit for these courses will be counted toward the required hours for the major or minor.

BY499 Biology Seminar (3) SC

Concentrated study of a single topic. Library research and oral presentation required of all participants. Students will be expected to attend all presentations of their seminar topic and twelve additional science division presentations throughout their Aquinas experience. Prerequisite: Senior status and instructor permission. Offered every semester. This course is not accepted for the Natural World Biological Science requirement.